In the United States, prostate cancer is known to be the second most predominant cause of death amongst men, the first being lung cancer.
So, are you completely aware of prostate cancer, what it is, its causes, symptoms and cures? If not, read on to know the 5 basic facts:
1. What Prostate Cancer actually is
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the called prostate, present in men and shaped like a walnut. This is the gland that surrounds the bladder and is responsible for the reproductive functions of the body.
2. How it Grows
Prostate cancer can grow and remain benign and within the prostate gland without causing any harm to the rest of the body. If detected at this stage, before it has spread to the other parts of the body, prostate cancer can easily be cured.
3. Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Now, you need to also know how to watch out for prostate cancer and detect its symptoms at an early stage. Some of the symptoms are:
· Trouble in urinating
· Flow of urine that is interrupted or irregular
· The need to urinate frequently, especially at night
· The feeling that the bladder is not completely empty
· The flow of blood along with urine and/or semen
· A burning sensation or pain during urination
· A burning sensation or pain during ejaculation
If you feel yourself suffering any one or more of the above symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
4. Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
· The first step to diagnose prostate cancer is a medical examination, in which your doctor is going to check your rectum using a gloved hand. If the cancer is present in the prostate gland, it will feel knotted and firm. However, even with the presence of cancer, the gland could feel smooth and soft, so make sure to double check.
· The next step to diagnosis is a PSA Test. This is done via a urine test, and a high level of PSA may imply prostate cancer.
· The third and most sure-shot method of diagnosis is a biopsy. If you feel there is a remote chance you may have prostate cancer, get a biopsy done.
5. Prevention of Prostate Cancer
If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, you need to know the correct preventive measures. Here are the methods you can adopt for its prevention:
Consult your doctor and take the appropriate medication to keep prostate cancer at bay.
· Frequent Ejaculation
Surprising as it may sound; ejaculating more frequently decreases the risk of prostate cancer. Having multiple sexual partners should also be avoided, as it enhances the chances of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, which increase risk of cancer.
· Healthy Diet
A healthy diet, especially for men in their 40s, is essential. A healthy intake of fresh green vegetable, reduction of fried foods as far as possible and moderate consumption of alcohol are some of the factors that could prevent conditions like cancer.
Prevention is better than cure. Whilst this may be a widely accepted norm, it is also important to practice it in your life, to live healthy!